Do Your Gums Bleed?

Bleeding gums is a common health problem faced by many people around the world. Notably, it is not unusual for gums to bleed, especially if you apply too much pressure while brushing. However, frequent bleeding of gums can be a symptom of a more serious problem such as gingivitis.


So What is Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is by far the most common form of gum disease, as it is mainly caused by poor oral hygiene. When one fails to brush their teeth regularly, the food particles in the mouth mix with bacteria to form plaque. The plaque deposit on the surface of the teeth continues to build up and harden over time to form tartar. Once the plaque and tartar extend below the gum line, the gums become infected. 

Gingivitis is usually considered an early stage of gum disease, and if left unchecked, it can lead to more severe gum problems such as periodontitis. It is therefore very important to be aware of the symptoms of the disease. Early detection of gingivitis can boost the chances of reversing its effects and preventing tooth loss.

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What are the Signs and Symptoms of Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is a very mild form of gum disease, and it is usually painless at the beginning. Due to this fact, it often goes undetected until much later after the damage has been done.

 If you have experienced bleeding in your gums, and are wondering whether you may have gingivitis, here are some symptoms to look out for: 

  • Tender gums that are painful when touched
  • Dark red or purple colored gums
  • Receding gums
  • Swollen gums
  • Persistent bad breath ( even after brushing)


Diagnosis and Treatment of Gingivitis

Gingivitis can be diagnosed easily by a professional dentist during a dental examination. Usually, the dentist will probe the mouth to check for any signs of inflammation. They will also measure the length of the gum pockets to find out if gums have started to recede. Receding gums are usually a sign of advanced periodontitis – which is much more severe and requires specialized treatment.

Once a gingivitis diagnosis has been made, treatment should begin immediately to reverse the effects of the disease. Notably, mild cases of gingivitis can be treated through proper oral hygiene, while more severe cases require professional dental care. 

The dentist will use specialized equipment to remove the plaque and tartar. In cases where the plaque and tartar have built-up extensively, some discomfort may be experienced by the patient when getting their teeth cleaned. 


How to Prevent Gingivitis

When it comes to gingivitis, prevention is certainly better than cure. Since this form of gum disease is mainly caused by poor oral hygiene, it is important to ensure your teeth are properly cleaned and flossed twice a day. 

You are also required to cut down or completely give up tobacco smoking, as it increases the risk factor of gingivitis. More importantly, always go for regular dental check-ups – at least twice a year. 

It’s as simple as that!

 

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